Argumentative Essay Outline

Argumentative Essay Outline

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Worried about the development of a solid argumentative essay outline?

Getting this task time and again and don’t know where to get started with it?

Doubting that your knowledge of the subject is sufficient to craft an excellent piece in no time?

These are all legitimate concerns, and if you are having one of them right now, then we completely understand you. If you are not very good at arguing and proving your point is not one of your strengths, you can experience discomfort even thinking about participating in an argument, refuting opponent’s position, and providing evidence supporting your own opinion.

However, once you start writing such essays, you will overcome these fears in no time. First, you will be prepared and already have strong arguments on your hands. And also if you have followed a proper argumentative essay outline, you will both support your position and refute any possible arguments your opponents might have.

So, without further ado, let’s learn how to write an argumentative essay outline so that you can come to the writing class in marching order the next time you are given this task.

Before we explain how to write a plan for this essay, let’s define what it is and then move on to its components.

What is an argumentative essay?

An argumentative essay is a type of writing that requires a writer to research the given topic, gather all the information for it, study it carefully, formulate his own opinion about it, find strong arguments supporting it, and refute the arguments of any existing opponents.

As you can see from the description above, this type of writing is centered around broad and in-depth research, since one cannot formulate his own position about something without knowing the subject well.

How to write an argumentative essay

Moreover, it is essential for a student to know different sides of an argument. Since he has not only to present his own opinion but also refute the opponents’ one, he should know what that opinion is about.

So, the first rule of composing this essay is that a student should take his time to conduct research before getting to write a piece.

The second rule is to develop a strong thesis statement that will describe your position loud and clear in the first paragraph. It has to be straightforward. Readers want to understand your attitude towards something from the start. Otherwise, you will simply confuse them.

Finally, the third rule is to find sound reasoning for your thesis. There must be several arguments supporting your thesis. Choose arguments that have strong evidence to them. Don’t be too subjective or stubborn to stick to your position that has no supporting facts whatsoever. Conduct the research, look for interviews, articles, or academic works to back you up.

Now, that you know the basics of writing an argumentative essay, let’s learn how to write an outline for it.

How to write an argumentative essay outline

An outline for argumentative essays consists of several vital parts. There are four of them:

  1. An engaging introduction.
  2. Strong arguments.
  3. Facts refuting opponents’ arguments.
  4. An interesting conclusion.

It does not look that scary now, does it?

And it gets better: we will show you how to craft each one of these pieces in just a second.

Argumentative essay outline introduction

  1. A hook.
    An introduction defines whether the readers will go on reading your essay or not. That is why you’d better start with an interesting question, some statistical data, little-known facts relevant to the topic, or a controversial statement that can ignite a discussion.

    Scholars call this technique “a hook.” Any introduction should begin with a hook. There are no exceptions.

  2. Reasons why you chose this subject.

    Next, you have to develop this hook in several sentences. Basically, you need to explain why the issue you are talking about is essential. Talk about the audience this issue will be most relevant to, and explain your choice of the subject. You obviously found this issue relevant enough to talk about it. And now is the time explain these reasons to the readers.

  3. A thesis statement.

    Finally, comes the time to present the main idea of the whole piece in one concise sentence. Don’t use vague language but be rather clear and straightforward about it. You will later support your thesis statement in several paragraphs. And for that to go right, you have to make it clear from the start.

    It is better to keep the thesis statement short: you will expand your thought later. For now, just give them an idea of you will talk about later.

Now that you understand what an introduction to this essay should look like, let’s see how to provide persuasive arguments in your piece.

Argumentative essay outline: Presenting your arguments

There two ways to present your arguments.

  1. You can state your argument, provide evidence supporting it, and then introduce the readers to the opposing ideas which you refute with these arguments.
  2. Or you can create several paragraphs with your arguments and then several sections with opposing thoughts.

It is up to you to decide which way works best for you. Each of your paragraphs should start with a claim. In other words, you have to explain argument and then provide supporting evidence for it. Opt for trusted sources when explaining why this argument is valid. Scholars recommend adding at least two or three pieces of evidence to support the argument.

So, the research is essential when it comes to looking for sufficient evidence to support your position.

Refuting opponents’ claims

Once you finish crafting supporting arguments for your position, consider looking at opponents’ claims and refuting them.

Your task is to find these claims and refute them with substantial arguments. Think of it this way: your goal is to bring your opponents on their heels. And even if you are not very good confrontation, we are sure you can do it in writing.

All you need right now is to find counter-arguments at trusted sources to refute their claims. It is best to have several pieces of evidence for each claim. So, find as many as you can!

How to write a conclusion

Last but not least comes the time for a powerful conclusion. In it, you need to remind that readers of the thesis statement you made in the first paragraph and arguments you used to support it. Since a conclusion is typically one of the few things people will remember about your essay, make it vivid and bright.

You can either call readers to the action or set an interesting question in the end encouraging them to take measures based on what you talked above. Explain to them what a horrible place the world will be if they don’t use your recommendations or do not take any measures.

By now you probably understand the flow. So, the only thing left for us to do is provide you with an argumentative essay outline template.

If so, then here it is. Use it whenever writing this type of essay. It will make the process much simpler.

A template of an argumentative essay outline

  1. An introduction.
    Create a hook catching readers’ attention.
    Develop your ideas by explaining why this topic is relevant and important.
    Write a thesis statement showing the main idea of the text in one short sentence.
  2. Several paragraphs with arguments.
    Each paragraph should start with an argument presented in one sentence.
    Then add several pieces of evidence supporting it.
    Add a conclusion of a paragraph.
  3. A couple of sections refuting opponents’ claims.
    State the opponents’ claim.
    Provide evidence refuting it.
    Craft a conclusion for it.
  4. A conclusion.
    Restate the important of the subject.
    Remind about the arguments and refuted opposing claims.
    Call to action or set a discussion.

These are all the necessary things to write in your argumentative essay outline. Now let’s take a look at an argumentative essay outline example.

Argumentative essay outline example

“ Should kids have limited access to the Internet?”

  1. Hook: Talk about the ubiquity of the Internet these days and present interesting statistical data.
    Development: Talk about problems too much Internet usage brings.
    Thesis statement: Parents must protect their kids from these issues.
  2. Argument #1: Protect their personal information.
    Provide social media data leaks statistics.
    Talk about possible predators and other dangers on the social media.
    Summarize that kids’ personal data is not secure online.
  3. Argument #2: Kids can make friends with bad people.
    Internet masks the bad and presents it as good.
    Kids can fall victims to mean-meaning people online.
    They look at poor choices of their peers and think it’s normal.
  4. Opponents’ claim #1: Internet is essential to the development of a kid.
    It can still be a useful tool when parental control software is installed.
    Books are a better way to educate a child.
  5. Opponents’ claim #2: No access to the Internet will put peer pressure on your kid.
    It’s better to keep them safe than popular.
    Once they learn to distinguish good and evil, they can be on the social media and use the Internet as much as they want.
  6. Conclusion.
    Restate that danger of the Internet today.
    Remind of ways to protect kids online.
    Paint a picture of what a world would like without measures being taken.

This is all you need to know to craft a good argumentative essay outline. So, arm yourself with our tips and get down to business. We are sure you will end up with a great plan in the end!

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